How to Lower Your Blood Sugar – Lowering Blood Sugar Can Save Your Life, What is blood sugar and why is it so important to you? The first is learning what high blood sugar is, why it is important and how to monitor your condition.
What Is Blood Sugar?
Your blood sugar is the concentration of sugar in your blood. It tells doctors how well your body processes sugars, called glucose. In a normal body, sugars are processed and used as energy for the cells in the body.
By measuring your blood sugar levels, doctors can determine if you are suffering from diabetes mellitus, which is, a disease characterized by the body’s failure to regulate blood sugar.
Sugars including glucose, fructose and galactose are all in the blood normally.
But, only glucose levels are regulated.
Your doctor will likely tell you that your blood sugar is high (or even low in some cases.) But, what is a normal reading? Normal glucose levels in the body stay in a small margin throughout the day, depending on what you are doing. A normal range is 4 to 8 mol/L.
It is important to realize that blood sugar levels change throughout the day. For example, they tend to rise after eating a meal. When you get up in the morning, they are at their lowest until you eat your first meal.
For this reason, if you are instructed to monitor your own blood sugar numbers, you will need to do so at the same time every day, following your doctor’s direction. Otherwise, you will not be able to tell any real fluctuations in it.
How Is It Tested?
For most individuals, the first time that they hear that something is wrong with their blood sugar is at their doctor’s office during a routine exam (or one for related to not feeling well). Doctors will determine that your blood sugar is high from one of several tests. They tell doctors how well your body reacts to glucose.
Some tests are used to determine if you have diabetes or pre-diabetic conditions. Others are used to gauge how well the diabetic conditions are being monitored by you through the care plan that has been established by you and your doctor.
These tests include but not limited to:
Fasting Blood Sugar Test
During this test, the level of sugars in your blood after an eight our fast are recorded. Normal levels should be lower than 100 mg/dL. Those that have a range of 100 to 125 mg/dL are considered to have pre-diabetes.
Those with a range of 126 or higher may have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Random Blood Sugar Tests
Your doctor may perform a random blood test on you to monitor your blood sugar levels. Here, there are no notes taken for meals, time of the day or beverages that you may have consumed. A normal range is under 100 mg/dL. Those that have a level of 100 to 199 mg/dL will be considered pre-diabetic. A range over 200 mg/dL suggests type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Secondary testing may be done to confirm these numbers.
Oral Glucose Hemoglobin Test
Anyone that is pregnant is likely to have taken this test as a standard determinate for pregnancy related diabetic conditions. Here, your doctor will determine what your fasting blood sugar level is, as mentioned above. Then, you will be given a very sugary solution to consume.
Doctors will determine how much your blood sugars rise at the one hour point after taking this drink and again at the 2 hour level.
A normal range here is a test with a 140 mg/dL level or lower. Those that have a range from 140 to 199 mg/dL may have pre-diabetes. Those with a level above 200 mg/dL will be considered either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
In summary, Learning how to check your blood sugar is an important part of living with diabetes. Checking your sugar allows you to make changes to your diet and insulin if necessary, to help your body to use sugars the right way